Services for Firewall Rules
In this table you may assign names to TCP or UDP Services which in turn are associated to sets of ports.
The objects created in this table can later be used when Creating Firewall Rules for Virtual Machines.

Supported protocols

When you create a firewall service, you can select between different protocols:

  • TCP: Is one of the main protocols in the Internet and Intranets. Whereas the IP protocol deals only with packets, TCP enables two hosts to establish a connection and exchange streams of data. TCP guarantees delivery of data and also guarantees that packets will be delivered in the same order in which they were sent. Example: Email, Web Browsing , FTP, etc.
  • UDP: Uses a simple connection-less transmission model with a minimum of protocol overhead. There is no guarantee of delivery, ordering, or duplicate protection. Example: VoIP, Streaming, DNS, SNMP, etc.
  • ICMP: It is used by network devices, like routers, to send error or network tracing information. ICMP can also be used to relay query messages. It uses protocol numbers ICMP instead of ports.
  • ICMP-v6: It is the IPv6 version of ICMP.

Some services may send information using both TCP and UDP.

Create a firewall service/object

Navigate to "Firewall>Services" on the left menu.

Click on the "New Service..." button and fill in the service configuration parameters.

Click on "OK" and then "Commit Changes".

Create service using port ranges

  • Firewall rules base their operations in ports, you can restrict access to specific ports or port ranges.
  • For example, we can create a rule for FTP service using TCP ports 21 to 22.
  • Use a dash "-" to indicate a port range.

You may create a service using an ICMP-v6 number list.

  • You may also create a service with for different ports, separated by ","
  • For example a tomcat web server running on different ports:

You may also use port ranges (-) and different port numbers (,) also for the source port field.

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